The Sancerre wine region is situated in the Val de Loire, well known for its white wines. Nonetheless, it's a Pinot Noir soil. Originally mainly planted with Pinot Noir, it was destroyed in 1886 by phylloxera, a vine disease. The winemakers replanted Sauvignon, a grape variety best adapted to the climate and to the soil types.The terroir and the men made a quality wine recognized since the first AOC decree in 1936 for the Sauvignon white wine and since 1959 for the red and rosé wines, made with the Pinot Noir grape variety. In 2016, the vineyard's area is 2960 hectares, 75% planted with Sauvignon and 25% planted with Pinot Noir. The “Sancerrois” is composed of hills (the peak of Sancerre is one of them), and the Val de Loire rift valley. The Cuesta (a hill reaching 356m at its peak) is formed by the superior Jurassic era layers in the west. Two meridian faults, Sancerre and Thauvenay, going from north to south, put in touch the subsided layers of the Cretaceous era and the Eocene era with the Jurassic era formations of the west part. The intense erosion caused the constitution of more than 15 types of soil and subsoil. Three important soil types make up the Sancerre region, giving it its specificity :
- Marls or white soils (locally known as “Terres blanches”) chalky-clayey soils situated on the Western hills of Sancerre.This soil slows down the maturing of the grapes, then permits a late harvest and a better sanitary state of the crop.
- Clay and flinty soils, situated along the river Loire, bring a unique richness of constitution and mineral quality to the wine.Their stones absorb heat from the sun and hastens the maturing of the grapes.
- Pebbly limestone soils : The “coteaux de caillottes”,very chalky and stony soils (from 25 to 40 cm deep only), give scented wines that are flowery and fruity, with box and citrus fruits notes, soft when young.
Currently, the vineyard's area is 23 hectares approxymately, 70% planted with Sauvignon and 30% planted with Pinot Noir. To run our plots, we have chosen sustained farming, we don't add any mineral chemical fertilizers and we use as less phytosanitary products as possible. We give priority to the work of the land. Grass is allowed to grow in all of our plots. In order to select the most beautiful bunches of grapes to be able to reach an optimum quality, the grapes are hand-picked on the whole domain.